One of our Berlin meetups will be at the Memorial to Homosexuals Persecuted Under Nazism in the Tiergarten. I am thrilled to say that we will be joined by Michael Elmgreen and Ingar Dragset @elmgreenanddragsetstudio who designed the memorial. They will talk to us about their experience with the project. See you there 5:30PM this Friday - bring blankets and snacks. Big thank you to @jobpiston
The memorial is a concrete structure in the shape of a Cuboid, with a small recessed viewing area which shows rotating videos of men kissing men and women kissing women.
Homosexual victims under Nazi rule were not acknowledged for 40 years. After the fall of the Third Reich, Section 175 remained in effect, without modification, in West Germany until 1969. Homosexual men also continued to be persecuted and punished in East Germany. Germany did not acknowledge that gay men had been victims of the Holocaust until the 1980s, and did not issue a formal apology to the queer community until 2002.
In 1992, calls for a memorial to gay victims of the Holocaust arose in Germany, with activists feeling that the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe only perpetuated the erasure of queer victims. In 2002, the Bundestag voted to allow those who were persecuted for being gay in the Holocaust to claim reparations, and in 2003 plans to build a memorial to the gay male victims of the Holocaust commenced. The memorial was unveiled in 2008, and subsequently vandalised several times that year.