What Are Corticosteroids?
They're medicines that quickly fight inflammation in your body. These lab-made steroids work like the hormone cortisol, which your adrenal glands make. Cortisol keeps your immune system from making substances that cause inflammation. Corticosteroid drugs, like prednisone, work in a similar way. They slow or stop the immune system processes that trigger inflammation. The two main types are corticosteroids and anabolic-androgenic steroids (or anabolics for short). What Do Corticosteroids Treat?
They help treat conditions that cause irritation and swelling.
They can ease symptoms of:
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD)
Lupus and other autoimmune disorders
Rashes and skin conditions like eczema
Your doctor may also suggest you take them for a short time to treat allergic reactions, like a severe poison ivy rash.
What Are Anabolics Used For?
They're man-made versions of testosterone, a male sex hormone that helps build bigger muscles. You take them by mouth or get a shot into a muscle. A doctor can legally prescribe them if your body doesn't make enough testosterone. An example would be boys with delayed puberty. Doctors also prescribe them to men with low testosterone and people who lose muscle mass because of cancer, AIDS, and other health conditions.
Side Effects of Anabolics
These steroids can cause bad acne and fluid retention. Long-term use can stop the body from making testosterone. In men, this causes smaller testicles, lower sperm counts, infertility, and breast growth. Women may have male-pattern baldness, facial hair growth, periods that change or stop, and a deeper voice. Teens who use them might stunt their bone growth and height. High doses can lead to extreme mood swings, anger, and aggression called "roid rage." #doctor #doctors #nurse #medical #medicine #medstudent #medicalstudent #treatment #info #health #healthy #hospital #emergency