HAPPY 94Th BIRTHDAY, To Psychiatrist & Revolutionary, Frantz Omar Fanon (July 20, 1925 - December 6, 1961)
Born On The Island of Martinique, Psychiatrist, Philosopher, Revolutionary & Writer, Frantz Omar Fanon's Works Are Influential In The Fields of POST-COLONIAL STUDIES, CRITICAL THEORY, & MARXISM. As An Intellectual, Fanon Was A POLITICAL RADICAL & EXISTENTIALIST HUMANIST, Concerned With The PSYCHOPATHOLOGY of COLONIZATION & The HUMAN, SOCIAL, & CULTURAL CONSEQUENCES of DECOLONIZATION.
Fanon Was Trained As A Psychiatrist In Lyon, France Before Taking Up A Post In Colonial Algeria. He Had Already Experienced Racism As A Volunteer In The Free French Army, In Which He Saw Combat At The End of The Second World War. His Service In France's Army Influenced His Work, BLACK SKIN WHITE MASKS.
In Algeria, Fanon Came Into Contact With The Front de Libération Nationale (ALGERIAN NATIONAL LIBERATION FRONT), Whose Ruthless Struggle For Independence Was Met With Exceptional Violence From The French Forces. He Identified Closely With The Liberation Movement, & His Political Sympathies Eventually Forced Him Out The Country, Whereupon He Became A Propagandist & Ambassador For The FLN, As Well As A Seminal, Anticolonial Theorist.
Fanon's Best Known Writings Include: A DYING COLONIALISM, THE WRETCHED OF THE EARTH, & TOWARD THE AFRICAN REVOLUTION. Widely Considered His Masterwork, THE WRETCHED OF THE EARTH Is An Analysis of The Psychology of Colonized People & Their Path To Liberation, As Well As The Role of Violence In Effecting Historical Change.
Fanon Has Had An Influence On Anti-Colonial & National Liberation Movements, & Their Leaders, Including Malcolm X, In the United States & Steve Biko, In South Africa.
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