1999 NEA Jazz Master, Downbeat Hall of Famer, trumpeter, composer, and leader Arthur "Art" Stewart Farmer (August 21, 1928 – October 4, 1999) was born on this date in 1928. One of the more lyrical of the post-bop musicians, Farmer helped to popularize the flugelhorn in jazz. Later in his career, he switched to a hybrid instrument known as the flumpet, an instrument that combined the power of the trumpet with the warmth of the flugelhorn.
He and his twin brother, bassist Addison Farmer, were raised in Phoenix, Arizona. Farmer took up the piano, violin, and tuba before settling on the trumpet at 14. He later moved to Los Angeles and worked with Horace Henderson and Floyd Ray, eventually traveling east to New York with the Johnny Otis Revue in 1947. In New York, he studied with Maurice Grupp and freelanced in the clubs. In 1948 he returned to the West Coast and found work with Benny Carter, Gerald Wilson, Roy Porter, Jay McShann, and Wardell Gray. He toured with Lionel Hampton in 1952-53, moving once again to New York after the tour.
Between 1954-56, he intermittently co-led a band with Gigi Gryce, then joined Horace Silver from 1956-58. He played with Gerry Mulligan from 1958-59, with whom he appeared in two films: I Want to Live and The Subterraneans. Farmer's performances with the various groups earned him a reputation for being able to play in any style.
Greater fame came in the flourishing of the Jazztet, the legendary sextet that he co-led with saxophonist Benny Golson from 1959 to 1962 and then again for several years starting in 1982. The Jazztet's tightly arranged music defined mainstream jazz for several years. In the early 1960s, Farmer switched to the flugelhorn, finding a rounder, mellower sound with the instrument. He also co-led a band with guitarist Jim Hall until 1964. He worked in Europe from 1965-66, and when he returned stateside he again co-led a band, this time with Jimmy Heath. In 1968 Farmer moved to Vienna, joined the Austrian Radio Orchestra, and worked with such European outfits as the Clarke- Boland Big Band, and Peter Herbolzheimer. #jazzlegend #jazztrumpeter #jazz #swing #bigband #fromthearchives #jazzphotography #artframer #hbd 🎺🎶🎂