“Plants are like a factory, using energy from sunlight to produce sugar in their leaves that provides the carbon backbones for making all the other molecules required for life. In order to build more leaves with their green chlorophyll, plants need to send their roots out into the soil to forage for water and mineral nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus. These nutrients are required for making proteins, like chlorophyll, and to fuel the molecular energy system in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Also, DNA itself requires phosphorus. Once a new leaf is built, water from the soil is taken up by the roots and eventually evaporates from the leaves. Essentially, the whole plant is acting like a straw, with the tips of the roots taking up water from the soil.
Designing better roots is an important avenue for helping people. With better roots, we can increase yield, reduce fertilizer use and pollution, and promote soil health.” Infographic & information provided to you by The Noble Research Institute.